Why Understanding Assumption In Upsc Exam Is Important?

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Why is it important to examine assumptions?

Examination of assumptions is a key part of critical thinking. Assumptions help us navigate the world around us, but to blindly follow our assumptions without acknowledging they exist or when they might be faulty is a recipe for poor reasoning.

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What is assumption in reading comprehension?

On the other hand, assumption is a new information and can never be logically deduced from any given information. Inference must be true if the given information is true. While assumption must be true for the conclusion/given information to be true.

What is assumptions in critical thinking?

An assumption is an unexamined belief: what we think without realizing we think it. Our inferences (also called conclusions) are often based on assumptions that we haven’t thought about critically. A critical thinker, however, is attentive to these assumptions because they are sometimes incorrect or misguided.

How do you answer assumption questions?

The necessary assumption is a piece of evidence that the argument needs but does not have. The right answer has to be something that fills in a blank within the argument – some place in which the arguer didn’t provide you with the evidence, but instead just assumed that the evidence was true.

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How do you practice recognizing assumptions?

One of the most reliable ways to find assumptions is to look for shifts in language between the premises and conclusion of an argument. When new stuff appears in the conclusion that wasn’t discussed in the premises, it usually got there by way of an assumption.

Why is it important to avoid making assumptions?

If we don’t make assumptions, we can focus our attention on the truth, not on what we think is the truth. Then we see life the way it is, not the way we want to see it. When we don’t believe our own assumptions, the power of our belief that we invested in them returns to us.

What are 3 key attributes of assumptions?

Types of Assumptions. Brookfield (1995) classifies assumptions into three categories: paradigmatic, prescriptive, and causal.

How do you identify an assumption in a passage?

Thus, you must attack the argument by attacking the inference. An assumption of an argument is that which the argument depends upon for its validity. Hence, an assumption can be thought of as something that, if not true, invalidates the argument. This is called the assumption negation technique.

How do you explain an assumption of a study?

Assumptions are those things we take for granted in the study: statements by the researcher that certain elements of the research are understood to be true. While assumed, they should still be explicitly stated in the body of the dissertation, usually in chapter 1.

What are the 3 types of assumptions?

Brookfield (2017) defines 3 types of assumptions you need to pay attention to: paradigmatic, prescriptive, and causal.