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Why is the ITCZ in the Northern Hemisphere?
It exists because of the convergence of the trade winds. In the northern hemisphere the northeast trade winds converge with southeast winds from the Southern Hemisphere. The point at which the trade winds converge forces the air up into the atmosphere, forming the ITCZ.
Why does the ITCZ move north and south?
The ITCZ moves throughout the year and follows the migration of the Sun’s overhead position typically with a delay of around 1-2 months. As the ocean heats up more slowly than land, the ITCZ tends to move further north and south over land areas than that over water.
Why does the ITCZ generally shift north of the equator in the Northern Hemisphere summer and south of the equator in winter?
why does the ITCZ generally shift north of the equator in the Northern Hemisphere summer, and south of the equator in winter? The position of the ITCZ shifts with the seasons, following the location of the greatest insolation and surface warming.
What would be the result of the southward or northward shift of the ITCZ?
It shifts from north and south seasonally according to the movement of the Sun. For Example- when the ITCZ is shifted to north of the Equator, the southeast trade wind changes to a southwest wind as it crosses the Equator.