Why Is Chennai Facing Water Crisis Upsc?

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Is there shortage of water in Chennai?

Chennai will not face any water shortage for another year as its major reservoirs have sufficient storage. The six reservoirs feeding the city’s water supply, including Chembarambakkam and Veeranam tank in Cuddalore district, have a combined storage of 8.56 tmcft, which is 64.79% of their total capacity of 13.22 tmcft.

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How did the city of Chennai overcome water scarcity?

The Tamil Nadu government says it’s addressing the problem. In 2003, it passed a law requiring all buildings to harvest rainwater. The rule helped raise the water table, but the gains were soon eroded by a lack of maintenance, according to the Agriculture Ministry’s Central Ground Water Board.

Why does Chennai flood so easily?

Low-lying areas and coastal areas are usually the most affected by flooding due to heavy rainfalls or cyclones. Since Chennai is on flat terrain with several low-lying areas, the water doesn’t get drained easily.

Why is Chennai in drought?

The city simply has no capacity to retain water when it rains. Most of the rainwater gets drained out into the sea. As a result, the natural aquifers are drying up and it causes huge distress during low monsoon years. For instance, during drinking water shortages several farmers had switched to selling water.

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Who is responsible for water supply in Chennai?

The CMWSS Board was constituted under the CMWSS Act 1978 (Act No. 28 of 1978) to attend to the growing needs of water supply and sewerage services in the Chennai Metropolitan area with particular reference to the protection of public health and for all matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.

Which area in Chennai has water problem?

In 1893, there were 60 large water bodies in Chennai. Now only four remain: Red Hills, Cholavaram, Poondi and Chembarambakkam, with a combined capacity of about 11,000 mcft, of which 5 mcft is lost daily due to evaporation.

What steps has Chennai taken to improve water supply?

Munusamy, said the State Government has decided to set up a 400 million litres a day desalination facility to the South of Chennai to process sea water to potable water. In addition, the 11 tmcft of water storage facilities will be expanded by 4 tmcft at a cost of Rs 1,851 crore, he said.

What are 3 solutions that can help reduce the water crisis?

Sustainable water management. Improving water infrastructure must be a priority, as water conservation and efficiency are key components of sustainable water management. Reclaimed water. Pollution control & better sewage treatment. Awareness & Education.

How is Chennai getting water?

Ground water resources in Chennai are replenished by rain water and the city’s average rainfall is 1,276 mm.

Why Chennai has heavy rainfall?

It is the northeast monsoon, also known as the ‘primary monsoon of Tamil Nadu’, that brings sufficient rains to the state. Most of the other states in India depend on the southwest monsoon, that sets in from May and runs through September.