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Why did the Government of India Act 1935 failed?
The parts of the Act intended to establish the Federation of India never came into operation, due to opposition from rulers of the princely states. The remaining parts of the Act came into force in 1937, when the first elections under the act were also held.
What were the main defects of Government of India Act 1935?
The new Act armed the Governors and Governor-General with tremendous discretionary powers and thus reduced Provincial Autonomy to a farce. The proposed formation of the Federation was also fundamentally defective. Entry into the Federation was compulsory for the Provinces but voluntary for the Princely States.
In which session Indian National Congress had rejected Government of India Act 1935?
The correct answer is 1936. In April 1936 the congress session was held at Lucknow under the President-ship of Jawaharlal Nehru. rejected the government of India act, 1935. it decided to participate in the elections to the provincial legislature which was scheduled to take place in 1937.
Who opposed Indian Government Act 1935?
Both, the Indian National Congress and the Muslim League opposed the Government of India Act 1935 because of various drawbacks. The provincial governors retained the more important powers in comparison to the elected government. The British authorities had the power to suspend the elected government representatives.
Did Government of India Act, 1935 lay down federal constitution?
The act also had regressive provisions such as separate electorate and had divide and rule as it’s guiding philosophy. An analysis of the features concludes that despite the provision to draft a federal Constitution, the Government of India Act fell short of an actual federal Constitution.
What is incorrect about Government of India Act, 1935?
Which of the following statements is incorrect about Government of India Act, 1935? Notes: The statement (d) is incorrect. It was the Government of India Act, 1919 which for the first time separated provincial budgets from the central budget and authorized the provincial legislatures to enact their budgets.
What was the effect of Government of India Act of 1935 on the national movement?
It weakened the movement because the Act introduced federal system.
What were the main defect of the Regulating Act?
Defects of Regulating Act 1773 The Governor-General had no veto power. It did not address the concerns of the Indian population who were paying revenue to the company. It did not stop corruption among the company officials. The Supreme Court’s powers were not well-defined.
What was the most important feature of the Government of India Act of 1935?
The most important feature of the Act was introduction of bicameral legislature. It made an important change that from then onward Secretary of State was to be paid from the British exchequer.
How did the Government of India Act 1935 mark a point of no return in the history of constitutional development in India?
ADVERTISEMENTS: All India federation comprising of British Indian Provinces, all Chief Commissioner’s Provinces and Indian States the proposed Federation never came up. The Central Government was carried upto 1946, as per the provisions of the Government of India Act, 1919.