Why 42nd Amendment Act Calles As Mini Constitution Upsc?

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Who is called the mini constitution?

42nd Amendment Act, 1976 is one of the most important amendments to the Indian Constitution. It was enacted by the Indian National Congress headed by Indira Gandhi then. Due to the large number of amendments this act has brought to the Indian Constitution, it is also known as ‘Mini-Constitution.

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When was the 42th Amendment of Indian Constitution?

[18th December, 1976.] Constitution (Forty-second Amendment) Act, 1976.

Which is the shortest Constitution?

The Indonesian Constitution of 1945 is the shortest constitution in the world. It is much shorter than the US Constitution which is usually claimed by some American scholars to be the shortest. The US Constitution contains 4608 words compared to the Indonesian Constitution of 1945, which contained only 1393 words.

Who has the smallest state Constitution?

The shortest is the Constitution of Vermont, adopted in 1793 and currently 8,295 words long. The longest is Alabama’s sixth and current constitution, ratified in 1901, about 345,000 words long.

What word is added to the 42nd Amendment?

The Preamble has been amended by the 42nd Constitutional Amendment Act (1976), which added three new words​—socialist, secular and integrity.

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Which is the longest constitution?

The Constitution of India is the longest written constitution of any country in the world, with 146,385 words in its English-language version, while the Constitution of Monaco is the shortest written constitution with 3,814 words.

What is the longest preamble?

The Iranian constitution has the longest preamble, but the total length of its constitution is average. The length of the Greek constitution, which has the shortest preamble, is also average.

Which is the biggest constitution in the world?

The Constitution of India is the longest written constitution in the world. It has 448 articles divided into 22 parts and 12 schedules.

Which city has no written constitution?

Britain does not have a written constitution. It has an uncodified constitution in place of a written constitution. Countries including Canada, China, Israel, New Zealand, Saudi Arabia, and the United Kingdom have an unwritten constitution.

Why there is no part 7 in constitution?

The Seventh part of the Indian Constitution is known as “The States in Part B of the First Schedule”. It has only one article – that is, Article 238. It was repealed by the Constitution (Seventh Amendment) Act, 1956.