What Is Vector Borne Diseases Upsc?

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What is meant by vector-borne diseases?

Vector-borne diseases are infections transmitted by the bite of infected arthropod species, such as mosquitoes, ticks, triatomine bugs, sandflies, and blackflies.

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What are vector-borne diseases BYJU’s?

The correct option is D: Explanation of the correct option : Diseases that are transmitted by the bite of infected insects are called vector-borne diseases. Some other examples of vector-borne diseases are chikungunya, sleeping sickness, plague, and Japanese encephalitis.

What is vector-borne diseases in India?

Important vector-borne disease for India, include malaria, dengue, Japanese encephalitis, kala-azar, lymphatic filariasis and chikungunya.

What are vector-borne diseases give two examples?

Vector-Borne Disease: Disease that results from an infection transmitted to humans and other animals by blood-feeding anthropods, such as mosquitoes, ticks, and fleas. Examples of vector-borne diseases include Dengue fever, West Nile Virus, Lyme disease, and malaria.

Why is it called vector borne?

Vectors are mosquitoes, ticks, and fleas that spread pathogens. A person who gets bitten by a vector and gets sick has a vector-borne disease. Some vector-borne diseases, like plague, have been around for thousands of years. Others, like Heartland virus disease and Bourbon virus disease, have been discovered recently.

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What are the types of vector-borne diseases?

Dengue, malaria and Chagas disease. Leishmaniasis, schistosomiasis and yellow fever. Chikungunya, lymphatic filariasis, onchocerciasis and West Nile virus. These are 10 vector-borne diseases carried by mosquitoes, ticks, flies and other vectors that put one of every two people in the Americas at risk.

What is vector-borne in biology?

Diseases transmitted by vectors are called vector-borne diseases. Many vector-borne diseases are zoonotic diseases, i.e. diseases that can be transmitted directly or indirectly between animals and humans.

What is the most common vector-borne disease?

Lyme disease is the most commonly reported vector-borne illness in the United States, with an estimated 300,000 infections occuring each year. Other tickborne diseases like Rocky Mountain spotted fever are also a serious public health problem and can be deadly within days if not treated promptly with antibiotics.

What are the 5 major disease vectors?

Malaria (protozoan): Anopheles species of mosquito. Lymphatic filariasis (nematode worm): Culex, Anopheles, Aedes species of mosquito. Dengue (virus): Aedes species of mosquito. Leishmaniasis (protozoan): mainly Phlebotomus species of sandfly.

What is the importance of vector-borne disease?

Vector-borne diseases (VBDs) such as malaria, dengue, and leishmaniasis exert a huge burden of morbidity and mortality worldwide, particularly affecting the poorest of the poor. The principal method by which these diseases are controlled is through vector control, which has a long and distinguished history.