What Is Mfn Status Upsc?

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What is MFN status?

Most favored nation (MFN) status is an economic position in which a country enjoys the best trade terms given by its trading partner(s). That means it receives the lowest tariffs, the fewest trade barriers, and the highest import quotas (or none at all).

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Who grants MFN status?

The members of the World Trade Organization (WTO) agree to accord MFN status to each other. Exceptions allow for preferential treatment of developing countries, regional free trade areas and customs unions. Together with the principle of national treatment, MFN is one of the cornerstones of WTO trade law.

Is India an MFN?

India recently withdrew the Most Favoured Nation (MFN) status accorded to Pakistan in 1996, following the terrorist attack in Pulwama in Jammu and Kashmir that killed 40 CRPF officers.

What is MFN rule?

The MFN rule requires that favourable treatment granted to one country be immediately and unconditionally granted to all other countries. Trade restrictions, too, must be applied equally.

Which countries have been given MFN status by India?

Accordingly, India accorded MFN status to all WTO member countries, including Pakistan, from the date of entry into force of the so called Marrakesh Agreement, establishing the WTO.

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Why is MFN important?

Increases free trade The most-favored-nation clause increases trade creation and decreases trade diversion, essentially encouraging more free trade between countries. It allows more efficient outcomes since the lowest cost producers can export goods to areas with the highest demand without government intervention.

How many countries have MFN status?

The MFN status proclaimed in the GATT has been granted to about 180 countries.

Is MFN related to WTO?

1. Most-favoured-nation (MFN): treating other people equally Under the WTO agreements, countries cannot normally discriminate between their trading partners. Grant someone a special favour (such as a lower customs duty rate for one of their products) and you have to do the same for all other WTO members.

When did Pakistan gave MFN status to India?

India had granted MFN status, which provides non-discriminatory access to its market, to Pakistan in 1996. Under WTO norms, member countries are mandated to give this status to each other on a reciprocal basis. However, Pakistan has not accorded MFN to India and hence can’t dispute the move, according to officials.

Does China have MFN?

The United States has negotiated with China to open its markets through numerous bilateral trade agreements, including a 1979 agreement that approved reciprocal MFN status between the two countries4 (for more information on U.S.-China bilateral trade agreements, see app.