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What is budget in UPSC?
A government budget is an annual financial statement which outlines the estimated government expenditure and expected government receipts or revenues for the forthcoming fiscal year. Depending on the feasibility of these estimates, budgets are of three types balanced budget, surplus budget and deficit budget.
How many types of budgets are there in UPSC?
The types of budget are balanced budget, deficit budget, surplus budget, zero budget and gender budget etc. This topic is an important topic for the UPSC IAS Exam.
What are the major components of budget?
The federal budget comprises three primary components: revenues, discretionary spending, and direct spending.
Which are included in the capital budget of the government of India UPSC?
Capital payments consist of capital expenditure on acquisition of assets like land, buildings, machinery, and equipment, as also investments in shares, loans and advances granted by the Central government to state and Union Territory governments, government companies, corporations and other parties.
What are the 5 basic elements of budgets?
Estimated revenue. This is the money you expect your business to make from the sale of goods and services. Fixed cost. When your business pays the same amount regularly for a particular expense, that is classified as a fixed cost. Variable costs. One-time expenses. Cash flow. Profit.
What are the 3 basics to having a budget?
Track your spending. Set realistic goals. Make a plan. Adjust your spending to stay on budget.
What are the 7 types of budgets?
The 7 different types of budgeting used by companies are strategic plan budget, cash budget, master budget, labor budget, capital budget, financial budget, operating budget.
What are the 7 categories of a budget?
A list of recommended personal budget categories is a great place to start when creating a budget. Here are two ways you can get the most out of the list: Housing. Transportation. Food. Utilities. Clothing. Medical/Healthcare. Insurance.
What are the 4 parts of budget?
Net Income. This is the income you take home from each paycheck. Fixed Expenses. All expenses are not created equal. Flexible Expenses. Like the name suggests, these expenses are flexible in how much they cost. Discretionary Expenses. These are your wants. Start Building Your Budget.
What are the 6 budgeting basics?
Calculate Your Income. Categorize Your Expenses. Evaluate Your Spending. Follow the 50/30/20 Rule. Track Your Purchases.