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What is Cauvery water dispute Upsc?
Key Points. Cauvery Water Dispute: About: It involves 3 states and one Union Territory (Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka and Puducherry). The genesis of the dispute is 150 years old and dates back to the two agreements of arbitration in 1892 and 1924 between the then Madras presidency and Mysore.
What is the Cauvery dispute what is its reason?
The sharing of waters of the Kaveri River has been the source of a serious conflict between the two Indian states of Tamil Nadu and Karnataka. The genesis of this conflict rests in two agreements in 1892 and 1924 between the Madras Presidency and Kingdom of Mysore.
What is Cauvery Water Dispute Tribunal?
To resolve the matter, the CWDT (Cauvery Water Disputes Tribunal) was established in 1990 which took 17 years to arrive at the final order (2007) on how Cauvery water should be shared between the 4 riparian states in normal rainfall conditions.
What is the main cause of Cauvery water dispute between Karnataka and Tamil Nadu?
The water stored in the Mettur dam in Tamil Nadu is used for crops grown in the delta region of that state. The conflict arose because both dams are on the same river. The downstream dam in Tamil Nadu can only be filled up if water is released from the upstream one located in Karnataka.
Why is Cauvery important?
The primary uses of the Kaveri is providing water for irrigation, water for household consumption and the generation of electricity. An estimate at the time of the first Five Year Plan puts the total flow of the Kaveri at 15 cubic kilometres (12,000,000 acre?ft), of which 60% was used for irrigation.
What is the solution of the Cauvery water dispute?
To resolve the matter, Cauvery Water Dispute Tribunal was established in 1990 which took 17 years to arrive at the final order (2007) on how Cauvery water should be shared between the 4 riparian states in normal rainfall conditions. In distress years, pro-rata basis shall be used, it instructed.
When was the Cauvery water dispute?
In 1986, a farmer’s association from Tanjavur in Tamil Nadu moved the Supreme Court demanding the constitution of a tribunal for adjudication for the Cauvery water dispute. In February 1990, the Supreme Court, while hearing the petition, directed the two states to complete negotiations before April 24.
What do you know about the river water dispute between the states of India?
The Interstate River Water Disputes Act, 1956 (IRWD Act) is an Act of the Parliament of India enacted under Article 262 of Constitution of India on the eve of reorganization of states on linguistic basis to resolve the water disputes that would arise in the use, control and distribution of an interstate river or river …
What is the nickname of river Cauvery?
The Cauvery (also spelt as ‘Kaveri’), known as ‘Ponni’ in Tamil, is the fourth-largest river in south India. Originating in the Western Ghats at Talakaveri in Karnataka’s Kodagu district, it passes through Tamil Nadu.
The roots of this dispute lie in two agreements between the erstwhile Madras Presidency and the Mysore State in 1892 and 1924. The water-sharing dispute is mainly between Tamil Nadu and Karnataka, but the Cauvery basin also includes small areas of Kerala and Puducherry. Kaveri is an interstate river.