What Is Wetland Upsc?

What defines wetland?

Wetland—Land that (1) has a predominance of hydric soils; (2) is inundated or saturated by surface or groundwater at a fre- quency and duration sufficient to support a prevalence of hydrophytic vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soil con- ditions; and (3) under normal circumstances does support a …

What are the 4 functions of wetlands?

Water purification. Flood protection. Shoreline stabilization. Groundwater recharge and stream flow maintenance.

What are wetlands and why are they important?

Wetlands are vital ecosystems. Home to 40 percent of the world’s species, they protect us from flooding, provide food and clean water, and play a crucial role in combating climate change. But they are at risk. A wetland is an area of inland or coastal land partly covered, or saturated, by water.

How many wetlands are there in India UPSC?

India now has 75 wetlands, state with largest number of Wetland is TamilNadu 14 followed by Uttar pradesh 10.

What is wetland and example?

Wetlands generally included swamps, marshes, bogs, and similar areas. ‘ For each of these definitions and others, regardless of the purpose, hydrology is emphasized (shallow waters, water-logged soils).

What is wetland and its types?

A wetland is a type of ecosystem that is either partially or completely filled with water for most of the year and can be either human-made or naturally occurring. There are four main types of wetlands: marshes, bogs, fens, and swamps.

See also  How To Read Yojana Magazine For Upsc?

What are 3 benefits of wetlands?

Improved Water Quality. Wetlands can intercept runoff from surfaces prior to reaching open water and remove pollutants through physical, chemical, and biological processes. Erosion Control. Flood Abatement. Habitat Enhancement. Water Supply. Recreation. Partnerships. Education.

What are 5 facts about wetlands?

Wetlands are the “kidneys of the landscape” Wetlands can mitigate climate change. Wetlands are a habitat for biodiversity. Many of the world’s wetlands are degraded. Your Support for sustainable fishing can help protect wetlands.

What are 3 benefits of having wetlands?

Wetlands are highly productive and biologically diverse systems that enhance water quality, control erosion, maintain stream flows, sequester carbon, and provide a home to at least one third of all threatened and endangered species.

What are the 3 types of wetlands?

Marshes. Swamps. Bogs. Fens.