What Is Stubble Burning Upsc?

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What is stubble burning?

Stubble burning is the practice of intentionally setting fire to the straw stubble that remains after grains, such as rice and wheat, have been harvested. The technique is still widespread today.

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What is stubble burning PDF?

Stubble burning is a practice of removing paddy crop residues from the field for sowing next crop viz. wheat. Where ‘combine harvesting’ method is applied there Stubble burning becomes essential because combine harvester leaves crop residue behind.

What is stubble burning and its impact on environment?

Stubble burning emits pollutants like carbon monoxide (CO), methane (CH4), carbon dioxide (CO2), aromatic hydrocarbons, and volatile organic compounds (VOCs), resulting in smog. Stubble burning is the leading cause of air pollution in many parts of the world, including New Delhi.

What are the effects of stubble burning?

The harmful effects of stubble-burning range from eye irritation to skin infections. And in chronic cases exposure to a high level of air pollution such as lung diseases like asthma, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), bronchitis, lung capacity loss, emphysema, cancer, etc.

What is stubble burning in India?

In order to quickly prepare their fields for the wheat crop, many farmers simply burn leftover plant debris after harvesting rice. The practice is known as paddy stubble burning. Every year, Punjab rice farms collectively burn about 7 to 8 million metric tons of leftover plant debris in October and November.

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Why farmers are burning stubble?

Because the sowing cycle for wheat begins in late October, farmers have very little time to prepare their fields – so, they typically set fire to the stubble, and then clear the residue. The practice is widespread in Punjab.

Who is responsible for stubble burning?

The NHRC again held a meeting with the chief secretaries on November 10, where it said that it is the state governments and not the farmers who are responsible for stubble burning. It gave the officials four days’ time to file specific reports on steps taken to check air pollution in Delhi-NCR.

What is the define of burning?

Definitions of burning. a process in which a substance reacts with oxygen to give heat and light.

Is stubble burning is crime under IPC?

In the Indian Penal Code IPC, under section 188, makes stubble burning a crime. It was also said as an offence under the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution Act) of 1981. In spite of being banned, many farmers still continue this practice.

What is the solution for stubble burning?

The best, sustainable and most eco-friendly solution is to harvest paddy manually, which leaves no stubble to burn. After manual harvesting and manual thrashing, paddy residue is used as fodder for animals that convert it into milk or animal power and cow-dung.