What Is Red Corridor Upsc?

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What is meant by Red Corridor?

The Red Corridor, also known as the red zone, located in the eastern, central, and southern parts of India, is a region affected by the Naxalite-Maoist insurgency. This zone is an enormous internal security concern as the environment is deprived of natural law and human rights.

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What is Naxalism in India UPSC?

Naxalism refers to the violent acts and illegal land acquisition committed by tribal people and landless laborers with extremist ideologies against landlords and other people. It is prominent in India’s various eastern, central, and southern states.

What is the mean of Naxalite?

Naxalite, general designation given to several Maoist-oriented and militant insurgent and separatist groups that have operated intermittently in India since the mid-1960s. More broadly, the term—often given as Naxalism or the Naxal movement—has been applied to the communist insurgency itself.

Who is the leader of Naxalite?

The insurgency started in 1967 in the Naxalbari village of West Bengal by a radical faction of the CPI-M led by Charu Majumdar, Kanu Sanyal, and Jangal Santhal dubbed the Naxalbari uprising. Charu Majumdar wanted a protracted people’s war in India similar to the Chinese revolution (1949).

What is Red Corridor in India?

The red corridor, also called the red zone, is the region in the eastern, central and the southern parts of India where the Naxalite–Maoist insurgency has the strongest presence.

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What is Red Corridor states in India?

The area containing the regions of India from central, southern, and eastern parts, covering about 11 states with the major portion in Odisha, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, and Jharkhand, is considered the Red Corridor. It is famous in the news for the Maoist revolution.

Who is the father of Naxalism?

Jangal Santhal, also known as Jangal Santal (1925 – 4 December 1988) from Hatighisa village, Darjeeling district in north West Bengal, was one of the founders of the Naxalite movement (along with Charu Majumdar and Kanu Sanyal). Santhal started his political life in 1949 in Nepal.

Who fights Naxals?

Operation Green Hunt is the name used by the Indian media to describe the “all-out offensive by paramilitary forces and the states forces” against the Naxalites. The operation is believed to have begun in November 2009 along five states in the “Red Corridor.”

Do Naxals harm civilians?

The Naxals are killing locals to teach them a lesson. They want to spread terror among the civilians; it’s a clear sign that our three-pronged strategy of vishwas-vikas- suraksha (trust, progress, security) is working,” says Sunder Raj P., IG, Bastar.

Are Naxalites still active in India?

The ideology of Mao Zedong demands the overthrowing of the government and the upper class by force. Today Naxalism is spread over vast areas in India including the states of Bihar, Bengal, Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, and Telangana.