What Is Caa Upsc?

What is the concept of CAA?

The CAA was passed to provide Indian citizenship to the illegal migrants who entered India on or before 31st December 2014. The Act was passed for migrants of six different religions such as Hindus, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, Parsis, and Christians from Afghanistan, Bangladesh, and Pakistan.

What are the main points of CAA?

The CAA 2019 gives citizenship to illegal migrants from Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Afghanistan and lowers the qualification period for Indian citizenship from 11 to 5 years, provided such migrants enter the country on or before 31st December,2014.

What is CAA rules in India?

The Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA) is a “benign piece of legislation” which seeks to provide a relaxation, in the nature of an amnesty, to specific communities from specified countries with a clear cut-off date, the Home Ministry told the Supreme Court on Sunday.

How is CAA beneficial for India?

India’s Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA) provides amnesty and a fast-track to citizenship for certain refugees currently in India who have fled religious persecution in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, and Pakistan. Any listing out of specific groups is prone to inadvertent exclusion.

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Why is CAA against the Constitution?

The CAA modifies the scope of citizenship as envisioned in the Constitution in a discriminatory manner by introducing the concept of citizenship based on religious identity alone, though purportedly classifying on the basis of religion as well as persecution of such enumerated religious minorities in specified …

Why Assam is against CAA?

According to critics, the CAA is against the Assam Accord, under which the cut-off date for detecting foreigners in Assam is March 24, 1971. The CAA exempts tribal areas under the Sixth Schedule and the inner line permit (ILP) in the Northeast.

How many times CAA has been amended?

The Citizenship Act 1955 was amended six times i.e. in 1986, 1992, 2003, 2005, 2015, and 2019.

What was the problem with CAA?

CAA violates Constitutional secular principles and is a violation of Articles 13, 14, 15, 16 and 21 which guarantee the right to equality, equality before the law and non-discriminatory treatment by the Indian State. CAA is about illegal migrants.

Is CAA passed by Supreme Court?

The CAA, which was passed on December 12, 2019, amends Section 2 of the Citizenship Act of 1955 which defines “illegal migrants”.

How many CAA are there in Indian Constitution?

As of October 2021, there have been 105 amendments to the Constitution of India since it was first enacted in 1950.