What Is Nanotechnology Upsc?

What is nanotechnology explain?

Nanotechnology refers to the branch of science and engineering devoted to designing, producing, and using structures, devices, and systems by manipulating atoms and molecules at nanoscale, i.e. having one or more dimensions of the order of 100 nanometres (100 millionth of a millimetre) or less.

Why is nanotechnology important in UPSC?

The application of nanotechnology in the health sector is wide-ranging. Nanomaterials can be used inside and outside the body. Thus, the integration of nanomaterials with biology has led to the development of diagnostic devices, analytical tools, drug delivery vehicles, and physical therapy applications.

What is nanotechnology with example?

Nanotechnology: a small solution to big problems. Invisible particles that fight cancer cells, faster microprocessors that consume less energy, batteries that last 10 times longer or solar panels that yield twice as much energy.

What is nanotechnology in PDF?

The definition of nanotechnology is “the design, characterization, production, and application of materials, devices and systems by controlling shape and size at the nanoscale.” In summary, nanotechnology has three aspects: (1) A universal fabrication procedure; (2) A particular way of conceiving, designing, and …

Why is it called nanotechnology?

Nanotechnologies get their name from a unit of length, the nanometer. A nanometer is one billionth of a metre, but let’s try to put this in context. We could call our everyday world the macroscale.

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Who is father of nanotechnology?

The American physicist and Nobel Prize laureate Richard Feynman introduce the concept of nanotechnology in 1959. During the annual meeting of the American Physical Society, Feynman presented a lecture entitled “There’s Plenty of Room at the Bottom” at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech).

What is the 3 advantages of nanotechnology?

Nanotechnology will allow circuits to be constructed very accurately on an atomic level. Nanotechnology has the potential to bring major advances in medicine. Nanobots could be sent into a patient’s arteries to clear away blockages. Surgeries could become much faster and more accurate.

What is nanotechnology and its benefits?

Nanotechnology has a wide range of potential usages that could produce advancements in medical treatment, pharm tech, food transportation and the electronics industry. A nanometer, the scale used for nanotechnology, is one billionth of a meter. For a sense of scale, a sheet of paper is 100,000 nanometers thick.

What is the types of nanotechnology?

There are four main types of intentionally produced nanomaterials: carbon-based, metal-based, dendrimers, and nanocomposites.

What are the features of nanotechnology?

Characteristics of Nanotechnology Nanotechnology is the production and use of materials with purposely engineered features close to the atomic or molecular scale. Nanotechnology deals with putting things together atom by atom and with structures so small they are invisible to the naked eye.