What is areal differentiation in geography Upsc?
Areal Differentiation is the study of the distribution of phenomena both human and. physical and how they are causally related to other phenomena in proximity, in a geographical. region or area expressed in the space.
How geography is a study of areal differentiation?
Geography is the study of areal differentiation, of variations at different scales in the environment, in human activities, and in the interactions between the two. Its key concepts are environment, place, and space and its goal is to account for what is where.
What is areal differentiation example?
Three principles are used in areal differentiation. For example, on the basis of relief variables, we can divide the surface of the earth into plains, mountains, plateaus, etc. On the basis of the geographical features of the area, we find out the generic principle of geographical characteristics of the region.
What is the process of differentiation in geography Upsc?
The separation of lighter materials and denser materials is called the process of differentiation. Different layers of the earth such as crust, mantle, and core are formed by the process of differentiation.
Who introduced areal differentiation?
The term ‘Areal Differentiation’ was coined & used by Hartshorne in his classical work ” The Nature of Geography” published in 1939.
Who is known as father of regional geography?
Regional geography emerged in the first half of the 20th century by Hartshorne (1939), the father of regional geography.
What are the two approaches to study geography?
The major approaches to study geography have been (i) Systematic and (ii) Regional.
What are the two types of approaches of studying geography?
In the study of geography two main branches may be distinguished, physical geography and human (or cultural) geography, originally anthropogeography.
What do you mean by areal differentiation Class 11?
Areal differentiation represents one of the classic philosophical approaches to geographic inquiry. A central concept of areal differentiation is that the surface of the earth may be divided into regions, which may be distinguished and categorised using various spatial criteria.
What are the 3 types of differentiation?
However, there are three main categories of product differentiation. These include horizontal differentiation, vertical differentiation, and mixed differentiation.